Cranial nerve disorder refers to an impairment of one of the twelve cranial nerves that emerge from the underside of the brain, pass through openings in the skull, and lead to parts of the head, neck, and trunk. These disorders can cause pain, tingling, numbness, weakness, or paralysis of the face including the eyes.

Hemifacial Spasm

Hemifacial spasm is a neuromuscular disorder that involves frequent contractions or spasms of the muscles on one side of the face. The spasms are involuntary, meaning they happen on their own without trying. The first symptom is usually twitching of the eyelid muscle that comes and goes. This can then lead to forced closure of the eye. The spasm may then gradually spread to involve the muscles of the lower face, pulling the mouth to one side. Eventually the spasms involve all of the muscles on one side of the face almost nonstop. Rarely, doctors see individuals with spasm on both sides of the face.

View Hemifacial Spasm

Trigeminal Neuralgia

Trigeminal Neuralgia is an extremely severe facial pain that tends to come and go unpredictably in sudden shock-like attacks. It presents as a sudden onset severe shooting or burning facial pain that can occur spontaneously and may last for a few seconds or as consistent short bursts over a number of hours

View Trigeminal Neuralgia